• In 2010, Svante Pääbo and his colleagues unveiled the Neanderthal genome.
• Pääbo is a biologist and evolutionary anthropologist. He is also the director of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
• His research shows that Humans and Neanderthals interbred in the prehistoric past.
• Thus Neanderthal DNA makes up 1% to 2% of the genome of many modern humans…
• …Except Africans, who have no Neanderthal contribution. (Watch the video to learn why).
• Our Neanderthal relatives became extinct 30,000 years ago. See what other extinct forms of humans there are.
What makes humans human? Find out: