Category: Health and Medicine

New Research Techniques for Preeclampsia Using Stem Cells

8232What is the placenta?

The placenta is “transient organ,” meaning it’s only a part of us during our life in the womb. Because it provides oxygen and essential nutrients during development, it plays a pivotal role for fetal growth. As Dr. Mana Parast says quite simply, “None of us would be here without it.”

Preeclampsia is a disorder of the placenta that complicates 5-8% of all pregnancies worldwide and is the leading cause of maternal death in the developed world. It’s also the leading cause of fetal growth restriction and there’s no cure except to deliver the baby. That makes preeclampsia the number one cause of induced preterm delivery in the United States. Babies that survive often spend months in neonatal intensive care and have many complications and increase risk for heart disease and diabetes later in life.

In this video, CIRM grantee Dr. Parast, a UCSD perinatal pathologist, discusses her use of the induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell technique to screen for drugs that might lead to a cure for preeclampsia. Also, Silvia Michelazzi, a preeclampsia survivor, and her husband Dr. Matteo Moretto-Zito share their daughter’s birth story.

Watch Modeling Preeclampsia with Stem Cells.

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Eating For Health (and Pleasure): The UCSF Guide to Good Nutrition

8232Healthy eating is not about strict dietary limitations, staying unrealistically thin, or depriving yourself of foods you love. Rather, it’s about feeling good, having more energy, and sustaining your mental disposition. If you feel overwhelmed by all the conflicting nutrition and diet advice out there, you are not alone.

UCSF Professor of Medicine Dr. Robert Baron and Registered Dietician and Diabetes Educator Katie Ferraro discuss eating healthy in this series from UCSF, Eating for Health (and Pleasure): The UCSF Guide to Good Nutrition.

8232How Do We Know What to Eat, Drink (and Take)?
Dr. Baron addresses this often perplexing question. He explains what you can do to improve your diet, as well as what supplements you should — and should NOT — be taking. You may be surprised at the evidence.

8232Dietary Guidelines: From Pyramid to Plate
65% of the world’s population live in countries where obesity kills more people than those who are underweight. Katie Ferraro, takes us through the history of the food pyramid and how to judge what to put on your plate to maintain healthy weight.

8232Dietary Fats: The Good, the Bad, the Ugly
Katie Ferraro explains a healthy person on 2,000 calorie diet per day should strive for 65 grams total fat, less than 20 grams saturated fat, zero grams trans fat and under 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol. Learn more about each type of fat and how to identify which is in what food.

8232Understanding Obesity
Dr. Baron explains the prevalence of obesity and trends in obesity rates, then looks at what we can do about it. He takes a look at various popular diets along with surgical and medicine options and concludes that the goal is to be as fit as possible at your current weight and prevent further weight gain, then begin weight loss.

Browse all programs in the series, Eating for Health (and Pleasure): The UCSF Guide to Good Nutrition.

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New Techniques in Neurosurgery

27760An MRI in the OR? It just might be the wave of the future.

Imaging technology has made its way into the the operating room – giving neurosurgeons new insights and better options for patients. Brain tumors hiding beneath the opaqueness of the skull can now be seen in real time allowing the surgeon to not only design more direct pathways for treatment but also remove more of the tumor while protecting the delicate anatomy surrounding it.

A pioneer of this revolutionary technique, Dr. Clark Chen, joins our host Dr. David Grant to discuss how these new techniques not only benefit the surgeon but are creating better outcomes for the patient.

Watch Brain Tumors, Tractography, and Surgery in the MRI – Health Matters online now.

Explore more programs in the Health Matters series.

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Sexuality and Aging

8232As we grow older, sexuality takes on a broader definition. A good sex life — at any age — involves a lot more than just sex. It’s also about intimacy and touch, which can benefit us all.

Understandably, sex at 70 or 80 may not be like it was at 20 or 30 — but in some ways it can be better. Even if you have health problems or physical disabilities, you can engage in intimate acts and benefit from closeness with another person.

In this presentation, psychiatrist Dan Sewell debunks several myths about sex and aging, and gives us guidelines for discussing sex and maintaining healthy sexual function in later life.

Dr. Sewell currently fills a number of roles at UC San Diego which include: Medical Director of the Senior Behavioral Health Program, Director of the Geropsychiatry Fellowship Program, Co-director of the Memory Aging and Resilience Clinic, and Associate Director for the UC San Diego Hartford Foundation Center of Excellence in Geriatric Psychiatry.

Watch Sexuality and Aging and tune in for more programs from the Stein Institute for Research on Aging.

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Do 4.2 Million Children Really Need Ritalin?

8232In 2011, Dr. Sanford Newmark posed an important question: Do 2.5 million children really need Ritalin?

Nearly 3 years later, the number of children taking Ritalin has risen to 4.2 million.

Dr. Newmark, head of the Pediatric Integrative Neurodevelopmental Program at UCSF, specializes in the integrative and holistic treatment of children with autism and ADHD. While drugs such as Ritalin definitely serve a vital role in helping some children, he suggests that misdiagnoses, not allowing for normal variations in a child’s learning styles and abilities, and a growing “pill culture” may be causing doctors to over prescribe.

Instead, Dr. Newmark prefers an integrative approach that looks at the whole child in terms of friends, family, community, and school. In many cases, changes in diet, environment, and parental skills can have a significant positive impact on a child’s behavior – without the use of drugs.

“When we do make a diagnosis, it makes sense to explore non-pharmaceutical options before moving to psychostimulants. We have to be careful not to over diagnose ADHD and allow for many normal variations of learning styles and abilities.”

Watch Dr. Newmark in this UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine presentation:

Do 4.2 Million Children Really Need Ritalin? An Integrative Approach to ADHD, 2014 Update

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