Moving is something we do without thinking but it’s not as simple as it may seem. Movement is an incredibly complex process that requires different parts of the brain working with muscles and nerves throughout the body. Signals move between the brain and the rest of the body controlling the coordination needed — but sometimes that system breaks down.
When that communication isn’t functioning properly it is referred to as a movement disorder. These neurological syndromes often begin slowly and progress over time. Many have genetics as the common cause. Parkinson’s is perhaps the best known as it affects approximately one million Americans and in most cases is caused by genetic predisposition or exposure to certain drugs and toxins.
The Brain Channel recently completed an eight part series on movement disorders and the amazing research that is happening at UC San Diego to better understand, treat and cope with these often devastating diseases. Join Dr. Bill Mobley, Distinguished Professor and Chair of the Department of Neurosciences at UC San Diego School of Medicine, as he welcomes physicians, researchers and clinicians to discuss their work and passion for seeking discoveries to alleviate the suffering associated with these disorders.
Take a few moments to learn what these dedicated researchers are doing by clicking on the videos below.
Parkinson’s Disease: New Developments and Therapies
Parkinson’s and Cognition
Parkinson’s Disease: Environmental Factors and Epidemiology
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP)
Brain Imaging and Understanding Movement Disorders
Advancing Research on Neurodegenerative Disease
Tracing the Molecular Roots of Neurodegenerative Diseases
Visit The Brain Channel to watch more programs that explore the brain.
Fatta Nahab, MD, is a board-certified neurologist and director of the neuroimaging program at UC San Diego Health’s Movement Disorder Center. Find out how he is using innovative brain imaging techniques to reveal clues in understanding and developing new therapies to treat movement disorders.
He explains about “white dots” in the brain and how they are good predictors for walking problems, and not only in Parkinson’s patients. Walking is one of the most complex systems the brain controls. Many people assume as they get older they will have problems with walking due to arthritis and other factors associated with aging, but that’s not exactly what he found. The brain plays a significant role in walking problems, more so than sore knees.
Medicine is at an exciting time and Dr. Nahab is inspired by his patients to translate research into the clinic, the clinic into research and to bridge the technology gap between medicine and the tech industry
Watch Brain Imaging and Understanding the Pathogenesis of Movement Disorders with Fatta Nahab.
There are on average about 110 trillion cells in the human body… and 100 trillion of those aren’t human. That’s the human microbiome, a mix of interdependent organisms living in a variety of ecosystems as diverse as guest Rob Knight puts it, “between a prairie in Kansas and a coral reef in Florida.” And that’s just the difference between the microbial life on your hand compared to the microbes in your mouth…
As amazing as this reality is, what’s more amazing is that our human existence is wholly dependent on the activities and products of this microbiome – we couldn’t survive without our body’s microbial partners.
This realization has led people like Rob Knight, professor of Pediatrics and Computer Science, and Larry Smarr, renowned authority in high-performance computing, to wield the tools of Big Data and bioinformatics to search for a deep understanding of what lives within and on us and how it works to sustain us, and to find ways to maintain and improve that symbiotic relation for better health and treatments for maladies from autism to Krohn’s disease.
Watch Decoding the Microbiome and browse more programs from Computing Primetime.
We all know it’s important to visit the dentist regularly for the health of our teeth, but that’s not the only reason to do so. We often think that dentists deal exclusively with the teeth, and from the tonsils on it’s the physicians’ realm. But there are conditions in the mouth that blur that boundary and can have major impacts on overall health, comfort and self-image.
Current topics in dentistry and dental research are presented by some of the leading experts in these fields from UCSF. Are there new approaches to prevent tooth decay for myself or for my children? Is that red or white spot in my mouth something to be concerned about? Does the health of my gums affect my overall health? How effective are lasers for my dental treatment? What determines the shape of my child’s face, mouth and teeth? And what is the best type of dental implant for me?
Gums to Guts: Periodontal Medicine
Mark Ryder, DMD
Can Lasers Fix Teeth?
Peter Rechmann, DMD, PhD
Dental Implants: Teeth With Titanium
Arun Sharma, BDS, MS
Prevention of Tooth Decay is Worth Everything
John Featherstone, PhD
How to Get a Head in Life: The Development of the Craniofacial Complex
Richard Schneider, PhD
Oral Medicine or Dermatology of the Mouth: Oral Diseases Beyond Teeth
Caroline Shiboski, DDS, MPH, PhD
Browse all programs in Gateway to the Body: The Oral Cavity and Dentistry.
The brain is the most important organ in the body. It is the hub of the nervous system and controls all the body’s functions. But sometimes there are problems with the brain. For example, with our aging population the incidence of brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease are predicted to reach epidemic proportions. But decline in cognition with age is not inevitable. Find out how to know when it’s serious.
Sometimes brains are injured by head trauma and cause long term effects. We hear about this with football players and others who have been exposed to concussion. You’ll also learn why we need to sleep and about disorders like sleep apnea that may be preventing you from getting the rest you need.
Explore other fascinating functions of the human brain, such as how we acquire language and what happens to brain networks to cause aphasia and dyslexia.
Prevention, recognition, treatment and even potential cures are presented by experts from the UCSF Memory and Aging Center, one of the world’s leading centers in the care and research of neurodegenerative disorders.
The complexity of the brain is endlessly fascinating. Tune in to learn more:
Rapidly Progressive Dementia: From Prions to Antibodies
Normal and Abnormal Aging and the Brain
Language and Brain: From Dyslexia to Progressive Aphasia
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
Alzheimer’s Disease, FTD and Parkinson’s Disease