Rare Disorders and Glycobiology

8232There are more than 7000 rare disorders affecting more than 30 million Americans. Only half have a known cause. Hudson Freeze, PhD, Professor of Glycobiology & Director of the Human Genetics Program at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute examines how we should treat these disorders as well a new ones that will be discovered in the coming years. Freeze posits that glycobiology – the study of the structure, biosynthesis and biology of sugar chains (also called glycans) – may be the key to unraveling the mysteries of these devastating diseases.

Watch Rare Disorders: Why Should You Care? – Exploring Ethics

To see more from the Exploring Ethics series, click here.

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How Should the US Approach China?

8232When then-President-elect Trump took a phone call from the leader of Taiwan in December, he threatened to upend the “One China” policy that has been in place since the Nixon administration. That breach of protocol alarmed many, including the authors of a widely circulated new report by China specialists Susan Shirk of UC San Diego and Orville Schell of the Asia Society. Hear their strategies for improving the US relationship with China as they, along with former US Ambassador to China Winston Lord, steer both countries away from a trade war or other potentially destructive actions.

Watch How Should The US Approach China? — Winston Lord, Orville Schell and Susan Shirk

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Saving the Manta Ray

8232Demand for gill rakers for use in alternative medicine has put the oceanic manta ray (Manta birostris) population at risk. With their extremely low reproductive rates, large scale and even small artisanal fisheries may lead to population decline and perhaps local extinctions. Understanding the basic ecology and population dynamics of the species is a prerequisite to developing effective conservation and management strategies. In the hopes of keep manta rays a vital part of the ocean’s ecosystem, Ph.D. student Josh Stewart of the Semmens Lab at Scripps Institution of Oceanography studies them in the Indo-Pacific to identify space use, migratory corridors, regional subpopulations and connectivity between oceanic manta hotspots and aggregations.

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Robotics for Assisted Living

8232“When should your robot rat you out, and when should it not?” asks Albert (“Al”) P. Pisano, Professor and Dean, UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering.

Robotics are becoming a bigger and bigger part of our daily lives – from wearable sensors to intelligent vehicles. Many of these innovations will aid in more independent living for seniors but they also collect vast amounts of personal data. How should that information be stored? Who should have access to that data? How should that data be used? Pisano reviews what new technology is on the horizon and shares insights on the ethical implications.

Watch Robotics for Assisted Living.

Click here to see all the programs in the Exploring Ethics series.

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Trauma Care

8232In the United States, there are over 37 million injury-related visits to the emergency room every year. One out of three people will suffer a traumatic injury during their lifetime.

Providing state-of-the-art trauma care to a community requires coordinated systems of emergency medicine physicians, trauma surgeons and their hospitals and centers. But it is clearly worth is as victims of traumatic injury treated at a Level I trauma center are 25% more likely to survive than those treated at a general hospital.

This series features distinguished trauma surgeons and emergency medicine physicians from Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center and the UCSF Department of Emergency Medicine. They explore current advances in trauma care, past experiences with large-scale traumas like the Asiana plane crash in San Francisco and the impact trauma care has on the lives of their patients.

Watch:
Introduction to Trauma
Disaster Response and the Asiana Plane Crash
Time Equals Neurons – Spinal Cord Injury Management in the First 4 Hours
Living With Traumatic Brain Injury
Public Health and Injury Prevention: Gun Violence and Traffic Deaths
Innovations in Trauma Care

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