Birth to Grandmotherhood: Childrearing In Human Evolution

772They are the most precious product of humanity. Like all living things, they are why, at the most fundamental level, we exist — offspring. They are why a few thousand individuals spread out of Africa so many eons ago, and why we eventually populated every habitable environment on the planet.

So this time around, CARTA, The Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny asked, what role does childrearing have in making us human?

Here is what the symposium participants considered when asking themselves that question:

From the moment of birth, human infants require an inordinate amount of care and, unlike our nearest living relatives, remain dependent on a variety of caretakers during an unusually long maturation period followed by extraordinary adult longevity. How did such a distinctive pattern of development evolve and what other human features are linked to it?

When you look at it that way, which the experts of CARTA did, it becomes clear that our childrearing had something very important to do with our evolution, and this CARTA symposium takes a deep look at this – from the hormones that modify our behaviors and guide our development, to how different caretakers over the human lifespan mold the societies that mold the individuals that will carry humanity forward.

From the very first cognitive experiences an infant has with its mother, to the influence of breastfeeding and differences in breast milk itself, to how the organization of social economies affects and is affected by childrearing roles, this series provides fascinating insights into how we may have developed those most essential traits that made us, and hopefully will keep us, human.

Watch online: CARTA: Birth to Grandmotherhood: Childrearing in Human Evolution

For more CARTA videos, visit www.uctv.tv/carta.

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Eastward Bound: Home with Nathan East

EASTThe stage is set for the performance to come. Drums, congas, electric guitars, grand piano… and bass guitar.

Nathan East walks out alone, picks up his instrument, and tenderly plays his signature bass rendition of America the Beautiful. Afterwards, with fingers snapping, UC San Diego Music faculty, alumni, and other talented musicians join him for a truly groovy version of Moondance.

So begins the 18th Annual Lytle Scholarship Concert featuring world renowned bass guitarist and UC San Diego alumnus, Nathan East.

turetzkyEast has played with rock music’s greatest artists for the past 35 years — from Eric Clapton, Stevie Wonder and Michael Jackson to Madonna, Beyoncé and Daft Punk. None of which may have happened if it weren’t for his instructor, Bertram Turetzy, who suggested that the UC grad should leave the master’s program and follow his musical dreams to Los Angeles to begin his career. Turns out, Turetzy was right.

Get your fingers snapping and watch the entire performance of Eastbound Home, with Nathan East.

Learn more about the Lytle Scholarship and watch past performances.

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Global Health: Three Most Promising Areas for Innovation, with Lord Nigel Crisp

25516The “global” in global health refers to the scope of the world’s health problems, not just their location. These problems vary widely and include issues such as epidemic infectious diseases, HIV/AIDs, nutrition, chronic disease and lack of technology and healthcare professionals, among many other issues.

Lord Nigel Crisp, Member, House of Lords UK, is an independent crossbench member of the House of Lords and works mainly on international development and global health. From 2000 to 2006, he was both chief executive of the NHS, the largest health organization in the world, and permanent secretary of the UK Department of Health and led major reforms in the English health system.

Watch Triple Aim, Triple Gain – The Three Most Promising Areas for Innovation in Health Globally as he outlines his thoughts on how to improve global health.

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Siddhartha Mukherjee – Overthrowing the Emperor of All Maladies

25516Today, millions of people are living with cancer or have had cancer. One in every three women and one out of every two men in America alone will be diagnosed with cancer in their lifetime. “Statistically, cancer isn’t someone else’s problem, it’s all of our problem,” said Pulitzer-Prize winning author and oncologist Siddhartha Mukherjee.

In this wide-ranging interview with journalist Dean Nelson, Dr. Mukherjee describes himself as a “sober optimist” about the future of cancer research as he urges the entire community to demand more public support for cancer therapies, treatments and prevention.

This presentation was part of the UC San Diego Helen Edison Lecture series and moderated by Dean Nelson of Point Loma Nazarene University.

Watch all programs in the series Overthrowing the Emperor of All Maladies: Moving Forward Against Cancer.

Watch this and other programs featuring Siddhartha Mukerhjee.

To view more of Dean Nelson’s Writer’s Symposium by the Sea series, visit

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Leo Szilard: The Man Behind the Bomb

28013Whichever way you pronounce it, Leo Szilard was a phenomenon. Credited for the creation of the Manhattan Project and the idea of nuclear chain reaction that spawned the atomic bomb, Szilard lived both sides of the arms race, working first to prevent, then to hasten, and finally to outlaw nuclear weapons.

Szilard could see the potential for mass destruction in the wrong hands and became a strong advocate for nuclear arms control and disarmament.

His life and works are the subject of William Lanouette’s book, entitled “Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the Bomb.” Lanouette painstakingly details Szilard’s life from information he gathered through research of the Szilard papers archived here at UC San Diego and from interviews and recollections of those that knew him well.

Tune in here to watch the UC San Diego Library Channel presentation of the lecture by Lanouette.

Also, 756check out the Library Channel, featuring interviews, author talks and other programs that will inspire you to Read, Write, Think and Dream.

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